Stem cell therapy is the application of genetically engineered stem cells technology to treat or prevent an disease. The only current treatment that utilizes genetically engineered stem cells is embryonic stem cell transplantation. This usually occurs as umbilical cord blood transplants, but the stem cells can also be derived from umbilical cord plasma. There are a variety of concerns regarding stem cell therapies. It is suggested that you consult your professional genealogist prior to considering any kind of stem-cell therapy. Although some concerns have been expressed over the ethics of embryonic stem cells, studies show that these procedures are not risky and many children have enjoyed the success of treating their genetic disorders using stem cells.
Scientists have discovered that some patients can be treated with stem cell transplants and chemotherapy at the same time. The success of this transplant depends on the patient’s ability to tolerate the stress of the ongoing treatment. Researchers have succeeded in treating certain patients with only one transplant. Then, they gave the patient one dose chemotherapy. With advancements in medical research scientists have discovered that a person’s tolerance to stress can affect the effectiveness of the chemotherapy drugs they take. Researchers are currently testing new chemotherapy drugs that can be combined.
Scientists are still researching stem cell transplants. They are also looking into different ways to utilize genetically engineered blood to treat chronic illnesses like leukemia and multiple sclerosis. Stem cells are basically living tissue that has been re-engineered to replace and repair damaged body parts. The donor’s skin or bone-marrow is a good source to provide an increased supply of stem cells to areas that is in the greatest need.
In addition to using stem cell transplants, researchers are investigating other treatments that utilize specially bred, specialized cells. One group is investigating the effects of radiation doses that are high on pregnant mice. The mice were not exposed to radiation at all; they were subjected to very high levels of radiation. The mice survived but only for brief durations. Since these specialized cells are not well tolerated by the body, it may require several months of therapy before the mice were healed.
Scientists are also studying the effectiveness of immune system boosters that mix stem cell treatments and immune system enhancements. One of the most well-known forms of immune system boosters is a substance referred to as interferon. Interferon can be used to treat various kinds of cancers, including lymphoma and blood cancers. Researchers believe that stem cell therapies may have side negative effects that could be mitigated by increasing the immune system.
Scientists are also investigating the effect of diet in slowing the process of aging. They are looking at diets that have ingredients that help in the production of healthy cells. These include antioxidants, which are substances that help in the production of healthy cells. When they are made by our bodies, these antioxidants can repair tissue damage. Some of the ingredients that are being studied by researchers include phytosterols, lecithin, and lipoic acid.
Scientists aren’t able to fully understand the effects of stem cell transplants. They understand that the number of transplants carried out is less than what is needed to treat a severe heart disease. This gives scientists an idea of the overall benefits to the patient should they be able to develop an individualized combination of diet, exercise and transplants that could create a younger and healthier heart. Stem cell transplants remain a strong treatment option as it can give patients a new lease of life.
Other researchers are looking into methods that are less radical and employing techniques similar to therapeutic cloning. This is an instance that does not have any human contact between the recipient and donor. Cloning is done with DNA from other people and the nucleus of these cells is then inserted into the host’s egg. If it is successful, could be used to create the cells needed to fuel the immune system.
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